Veterinary vaccines are to improve the health and welfare of companion animals, cost-effectively increase the production of livestock, and prevent animal-to-human transmission from both domestic animals and wildlife. Several vaccine types can de be distinguished among the second-generation veterinary vaccines, depending on whether they are live or inactivated, according to the strain of rabies virus used and the characteristics of the cell-substrate chosen for viral replication. More recently a third generation of live veterinary rabies vaccine has been developed using recombinant technology. Depending upon the expression system these vaccines are used either parenterally or orally. Oral rabies vaccines are widely used in foxes in Europe and raccoons in the USA.
- Current status of Veterinary Vaccines
- Safety or efficacy of a Veterinary medicine
- Vaccines for Livestock Diseases
- Animal health outcomes
- Recent Advances in Animal Vaccination